Preschool Education

Pregnancy Knowledge For Preschool Teachers

“Pregnancy is one of the included topics if you are a preschool / Kindergarten teacher or planning to. Below are topics related to pregnancy like symptoms, how to test and care pregnancy and some warning related topics required to know when in preschool..”

Pregnancy Symptoms

  • Missed periods : The absence of the menstrual period is often the first sign of possible pregnancy. However, some women experience light bleeding around the time of expected menstruation.
  • Morning sickness : Most of the pregnant women experience some degree of morning sickness, especially in the first few months. The symptoms include nausea and vomitting. For most women, morning sickness begins around the fourth week of pregnancy and resolves by the twelth week.
  • Breast changes : During pregnancy, the breasts becomes fuller, swollen and the skin around the nipple becomes dark. Many women report that the sensations are similar to those experienced in the few days prior to menstruation.
  • Fatigue :  Many newly pregnant women report feeling of tiredness. In most cases, energy levels rise by about the fourth month of pregnancy when the placenta is working properly.
  • Frequent urination : Most women start experiencing more frequent urination within the first few weeks of conception.
  • Mood changes : Some newly pregnant women experiences mood changes that are similar to those typically felt in the days leading up to mensturation, such as irritability or weepiness.
  • Food Cravings :  Around eight out of ten pregnant women experience cravings for at least one particular food. According to some theories, a craving indicates a deficiency in the diet.

Pregnancy Test

There are pregnancy home test kits available from chemists that offer reliable and accurate readings, if performed strictly to the manufacturer’s instructions. Blood tests can be accurate within one week. Urine test can be accurate after two weeks.

Care During Pregnancy

Diet : For the healthy pregnant woman, no special diet is necessary but the food must be adequate in quantity & quality.

Balanced diet for pregnant women:

Food Group                    Food Stuff                             Amount per day (Grams)

I                                   Milk, Curd etc                                   225
II                                Pluses, dried beans                          45
III                              Nuts, fish, egg                                     60
IV                              Fruits                                                      30
V                                Green leafy vegetables                   150
VI                              Other Vegetables                              125
VII                           Rice, Wheat and millets                  350
VIII                         Oil, ghee, butter etc                          35
IX                             Sugar and Jaggery                             40

Physical Care : Though pregnancy is a normal occurrnece, physical care is essential during this preiod. The oridinary good habits need not be interfered but special case of breasts and teeth is a must. Daily bath with lukewarm water is advisable.

Rest & Exercise : Walking, household work, gardening etc are excellent ways of getting exercise, fresh air and sunshine that are very essential for a pregnant woman. It strengthens the muscles, which will be active in labor. Lifting of heavy weight or any other strenuous activities should be avoided. A proper balance should be maintained between rest & work. Lying down at intervals during the day and about eight hours sleep in the night is necessary.

Personal and environmental hygiene : Looking after you before and around the time of conception is improtant. It concerns everyday matters such as diet, weight, immunity, exercise alcohol, smoking and environmental influences.

Warnings and Signs

  1. An interval of at least two years since the last birth is a must.
  2. Pregnancy under the age of 18 years or over 35 years of age is not safe.
  3. Previous miscarriage or abortion.
  4. Any difficulty in previous delivery.
  5. Low maternal body weight i.e.less than 38 kilograms before pregnancy.
  6. Short maternal stature, less than 145 cm in height.

Preschool Teachers and Parents Co-operation Importance

“Children learns from both, preschool teachers in school and parents at home. A proper co-operation between teachers and parents is a key for a healthy child growth and early childhood education. Here is why this co-operation is so important..”

There was a time when teachers regarded parents as a necessary evil in education. This notion, the new school has abandoned. The modern educator seeks the active interest and co-operation of parents in the education of their children. The new school realizes the importance that home and school share a mutual interest and responsibility in the child’s total living and that without co-operation of home and school, they can not be successful in educating the child. The result is that parents and teachers meet in small or large groups to discuss their common problems. In some schools, parents assists in the office and classroom, they participate in field trips and many other social and community undertakings.

It is the duty of the preschool teacher to educate the parents also. For this purpose he should arrange special lectures, cinema shows, exhibitions etc. in the school, and the parents should be invited. The parents may have their own special problems that they want to communicate to the teachers. It is only when there is free and frequent connections between the parents and the teacher that all the problems concerning the education of the child can be solved. Teachers need to get co-operation from the parents in order to discharge their duties. In the interest of pupils, a teacher should have intimate relationship with parents by organizing Parent- Teacher Association (PTA).

Qualities Of an Ideal Preschool Teacher

A class managed by an ideal preschool teacher should be full of lively, interested and positive children who can achieve high standards. A good teacher will be a friend, an elderly playmate, and a guide a mother or a sister. Qualities of a teacher plays an important role in molding and shaping the personality of the child. To play their part effectively, the teacher is expected to possess these qualities..”

10 Good Qualities for and Ideal Teacher

  1. A teacher should have calmness which consists of spiritual humility and intellectual purity i.e her mind should not be possessed by obsessions, complexes, prejudices or superstitions and must have an objective outlook.
  2. A good teacher should also have a good memory power. She will never enter class without preparing herself. However, able and experienced is the teacher, she could never without her preliminary preparation.
  3. The voice of a teacher should be clear, moderately pitched and well modulated. A thin low voice develops dullness and monotony in the class. A very high-pitched voice or a shrill must be avoided as it distracts the minds of the students.
  4. The teacher should not show undue favor to someone. All should be equal in her eyes. Undue favor to some students will lead to frustrations among others.
  5. A teacher should never make the mistake of laughing at her pupils. She should laugh with them and also see that they laugh with her and not at her.
  6. The teacher should feel the importance of her profession.
  7. She has to deal with a large number of students having a low and high power of understanding. She may have to repeat her lessons many a time for the sake of the less intelligent children. She should not be irritated in doing so. She should possess the required patience to make them understand gradually.
  8. While books can teach. Only personality can educate“, says an educationist. Children imitate the dress, habits, manners, and voice of their teachers. The teacher has to concern herself with the total development of the child. A good teacher will make it a point to be punctual in every work. If the teacher is coming late, the students may also develop in themselves this very habit.
  9. The success of a class teacher in the class also depends on the art of questioning, Fewer commands should be given to the students and when given, they must be stuck to; otherwise they lose their effectiveness.
  10. The teacher should use various teaching aids and adopt proper methods of teaching.

Start a Preschool Or Kindergarten Of Own – Start Up Checklist

“So you are ready with your preschool / kindergarten start up plan, yet need more depth information on how to start a preschool and what are the basic requirements in setting up you own kindergarten play group in your location etc. Many such question arise when you start your own business, the below checklist will help you get the head start on preschool start up requirements and some key points to note to compete with others..”

Starting up a preschool – checklist

Although every preschool setup has its own requirements, follow below checklist that will help with more smooth start up. No matter where ever you start a kindergarten, it can be your first start up or a expansion with a new preschool franchise of your own brand, this checklist will help.

  • Proper building with compound : Now since its can be a children play group, pre-primary education center or just a activity center of your own, the basic and most important requirement is children security when they are away from parents with you. Its the responsibility of preschool owner to have a well planned building, villa or any home that has proper compound around. Children should not be able to jump and run around.
  • Play ground or garden : Every preschool has a special activity method of teaching children which is quite famous known as ‘play way method‘ which includes outdoor games too. A nice play ground or a garden attached to your newly started playgroup will boost your customer base and will attract more children.
  • Proper urinal / bathroom facilities : Now this is one of the very important point in checklist to be considered as priority while starting a preschool / kindergarten in any location of world. WHY ? you are going to take care of kids and they are very young to understand the toilet manners. In fact, toilet manners will be part of your daily preschool timetable and it can be a headache if you forgot to notice how well is premise with this.
  • Beautiful and safe interiors : Here comes the customer point of view. Just think there are 2 new preschool started near your home, one looking very beautiful with nice interiors and safety equipments and other one which has good start up promotion but lacking interiors and safety for your children ? Yes for sure ‘safety first’. The furniture and look and feel of newly started kindergarten should be the best. It should attract children as well as parents. Should have happy looking colorful pictures, no edge of furniture pointed that can risk children etc.
  • Are you certified ECCE teacher ? : Now, if you are starting a preschool of your own and going to teach yourself, Get certified first from  a reputed institute in your city teaching ECCE (Early Childhood Care Education ) courses and then with some experience go ahead to start kindergarten or play group of your dream. If for example, starting preschool in India, checkout the legal formalities as Municipal corporation (Government Body) ask for Certificate to start such activities as commercial business. See preschool education in India for more details.
  • Preschool curriculum planning : What are you going to teach your children, Know list of holidays, list of indoor and outdoor games / activities, fees structure, evaluation, preschool timetable, qualified staff members and teachers and also non-teaching staff like maid. Preschool curriculum and other kindergarten planning for start up is must to keep note of.
  • Location of your preschool : Property planning to start a preschool is a must and most important, remember its a children business and parent prefers the nearest and best location. Your play group should be best in ground floor or any building, bungalow, villa etc and should be  spacious enough. It attract parents, no elevator risk, no height risk for children. The very important point in this checklist is that it should be reached in minimum time from children home. A junction or township common location is best for start up.
  • Advertising your new start up : Reaching every home near your newly started preschool business is very important, target schools where parents meet, gardens and ice cream parlors are where you can reach your customer in first phase of starting. A good hand colored bills with kids, cartoons and play activities listed will sell more. List some of your less technical terms that parents can understand like worksheets, age group details, play group activities like drawing, craft, songs, poems and other preschool fum activities. Also list creatives and art topics, health related like yoga, dance activities that you can teach children in starting stage of your preschool. List all preschool games that you are going to cover. In short describe the need and importance of preschool in children life.
  • Plan your worksheet well : The best you plan in early stage the less the overwork later. checkout the do and don’t of worksheet planning for same.

Preschool Play Way Method

“According to Piaget, “Play consists of responses for pure pleasure” and similarly the preschool play way method is considered the most fun and effective methodology along with the project method and lesson plans. Lets understand the principles and advantages of play way method in depth..”

Preschool Play Way Activity

Preschool Play Way Method

Play is any activity engaged in for enjoyment without any consideration of the end result. For generations, it is believed that while play is fun, it is also a waste of time that could be spent more profitably on doing something useful. Since young children were incapable of doing anything useful, they were allowed to play. However, when they were old enough to go to school, they were expected to learn to do things that would prepare them for life. Play consists were kept strictly for the end of the day and for holidays.

Now, the attitude towards play is shifted, as scientist studies have shown the importance of play and how play way methods can help child’s development when in kindergarten and preschool in India and around world. Not only scientists, even parents and schools have acknowledged the educational values of play way by introducing into curriculum organized games & sports, dramatics, music and art.

Characteristics of play way

  1. Children imitate the play of order children, who have imitated the play of the generation of children preceding them.
  2. From babyhood to maturity certain play activities are popular at one age and not at another.
  3. Older children have less time available for play due to studies.
  4. Children want to play with small and selected group called “Gang” whose members have common interests.
  5. In young age girls and boys play and game but as they grow old, girls play women like games and boys play men like games.

5 Principles of preschool and play

It is based on the basic 5 principles that :

  1. Learning takes place through doing.
  2. Learning takes place in an atmosphere of freedom.
  3. Learning should be selected to life and not to books.
  4. The method should siut to the needs and interest of the child.
  5. Ample opportunities should be provided to children for self-expression.

Advantages of play way to kids

Play way method helps the children in their following development.

  • Language Development
  • Logical Development
  • Physical Development
  • Aesthetic Development
  • Creative Development
  • Social Development

Preschool Education in India

“Preschool education program in India was initiated by two individuals called ‘Tarabai Modak‘ and ‘Gijubhai Badheka‘ passionate about early childhood education and preschool concept in India has now lots of preschool and kindergarten institutes around India focusing on childcare concept..”

Basics of Preschool Program

Movement in India by ‘Tarabai Modak’

Smt. Tarabai Modak made outstanding contribution to the emergence of preschool in India. The preschool education started by Smt. Tarabai Modak came to be known as Balwadis, Smt. Tarabai Modak, rightly called as the ‘Montemon’s Mother has made a significant contribution to pre-school education in India. She was of the view that in urban areas pre-schoool should preferably be located in slum areas. In the rural areas the first choice must be given to children to be cared, the childcare committee is of the opinion that normal unit of a pre-school should be of 25-40 children.

In organizing balwadi, three items need special attention:

  1. Building: A balwadi building should be near to the home of the child.
  2. Compound: The open space should be big enough for a playground, a small garden, latrine, urinals and dumping pits.
  3. Equipment: The material that is to be used should be availbale in the village or near about.

Contribution to Preschool in India by ‘Gijubhai Badheka’

He was born on 15th November 1855, in a village in Gujarat (India). He developed his own system of educating children. He was a lawyer by profession. He was disgusted to see he children treated badly by their parents and teachers. So he left his practice and became a teacher. He recorded his experiments in one of his books “DIVA SWAPN” which means “Enlightenment towards knowledge” written in native tongue Gujarati. Gijubhai Badeka did not get recognition during his lifetime.

He believed in children’s right to freedom. He discarded physical punishment and believed that learning is possible only in the environment of love and sympathy. He wrote over 100 books for children and many more for teachers and guardians. Hence, he was reffered to as “Mustachioed mother of ECCE”.

Tarabhai Modak being inspired by Gijubhai work joined him in 1923 at Bhavnagar. They worked together from 1923 to 1932 to lay the foundations of pre-primary education in India. They introduced numerous low cost educational aids and apparatus. They wrote and published stories, rhymes and certain songs, which children could dramatize. They started Shikshan Patrika to create awareness among parents, society and others. In 1926, they formed Nutan Blashikshan Sangh, which became  the fountainhead for ideas in promoting ECCE and started Balwadis. They campaigned for children’s education throughout, India specially Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharashtra,
Saurashtra and Madhya Pradesh. He died in 1939.

Latest Preschool Trends in India

Many reputed institutes, NGO’s and companies are towards early childhood education program. Some known brands for kindergarten and ECCE are Tree House, EuroKids  etc specialized in pre-primary and nursery courses. We will update more on same soon.

Kindergarten and Preschool Program Aim

“Maria Montessori for preschool program and Friedrich Froebel for Kindergarten are two originator personalities aimed individually on the below listed objectives for children welfare and enhancing the early childhood education program..”

Maria Montessori Aim and Objective For Preschool Program

About Maria Montessori

Maria Montessori was born in Italy on 31st August 1870. When she was 14 years of age, her love for Mathematics and her desire to become an engineer, an unheard ambition for a girl prompted her to join a Boy’s High School. She was one of first girls to have dared to join boy’s school. She became the first Italian lady to get the degree of Doctor of Medicine.

  • Direct preparation for academic learning.
  • Joy of achievement.
  • Inward satisfaction of child is given prime importance rather than the teacher’s praise or reward.
  • Directing attention on the child’s senses and desire to master real skills.

Friedrich Froebel

Details on Friedrich Froebel and Kindergarten Education

Aim and Objective of Kindergarten Education Program

  • To meet generally the social, emotional, intellectual and physical needs of the child by providing opportunities and the necessary equipment.
  • To give the child training in the use of language.
  • To provide the child with rich experiences to unable him the understand the world.
  • To help the child develop his own creative ability and to give scope to his fantasy by all sorts of free and guided play.
  • To enable the parents to study child life and its needs in co-operation with trained workers of the kindergarten.

He also gifted 7 things to kindergarten program

Friedrich Froebel’s Gifts to Kindergarten Program

“Mr. Friedrich Froebel, the inventor of Kindergarten program has devised a series of gifts for complete education of children. His 7 gifts are still and ideal in most of the preschool curriculum and are very useful for development of kindergarten children. Lets have a look at what he gifted..”

Froebel’s 7 Gifts to Kindergarten

Gift I :  First gift consists of six colored woolen balls, three in primary colors and three secondary colors. The occupation consists in rolling them about in play. Thus, they help the children in developing the idea of color, material form, motion and direction.

Gift II :  Second gift consists of a sphere,cube and cylinder made of hardwood. In playing with these the children start noticing the difference between the stability of the cubes and the mobility of the spheres. He observes that the cylinder is both stable and movable.

Gift III :  Third gift is a large cube divided into eight smaller equal cubes. From these the children can build up a number of useful artistic forms such as branches, doors, bridge, etc. and the ideas of addition and subtraction. For this reason, the third gift is often called “the first building box”.

Gift IV :  Fourth gift consists of large cubes divided into six long primes. In each of these the length is twice the breadth is twice the thickness. This helps the children to construct different kinds of building and patterns.

Gift V :  Gift number Five is very much like the third gift. It consists of a large cube divided into twenty-seven small cubes, three of which are again divided diagonally into halves and three into quarters. The child can construct many beautiful forms and patterns by combining the third, fourth and fifth gifts and it gives him great pleasure to do so.

Gift VI :  Sixth gift is again similar to Gift V. In it, a large cube is divided into 18 whole and 9 small long blocks. Still hearth designs in forms and constructions may be made by the child and it will also be useful in teaching numbers.

Gift VII :  Seventh gift is a set of square and triangular tables made of very fine wood in two colors. It provides materials for much exercise in geometrical forms and mosaic work.

Friedrich Froebel – Inventor Of Kindergarten

“Friedrich Froebel, the originator and inventor of the Kindergarten system started his first K.G.School in 1837, but the government did not like his method of education. Therefore he was not allowed to run any school and died a disappointed man. The great aim and purpose of his life may be summed up in his famous saying, ‘COME LET US LIVE FOR OUR CHILDREN’..”

About Friedrich Froebel and Kindergarten Eduaction

 

Fredrick-Froebel, The inventor of Kindergarten program

Fredrick Froebel, The inventor of Kindergarten program

Two important aspect of  Friedrich Froebel behind starting Kindergarten concept were Social and Auto learning (Self learning). In his life he wrote few books like ‘The Education of man’, ‘Mother play and Nursery Songs’, ‘Education and Development’. He has also given 7 gifts to Kindergarten program

He was born in Germany and his life was miserable with a stepmother. He was a philosopher and educationist and regarded as the founder of the “Play Way Method”.  He acquired some religious instructions from his father who was a religious minded man. At 14, he became an apprentice to a forester. So he came into direct contact with nature, which urged him to study natural sciences. At 23, he studied architecture and came into contact with an educationist who was running a school on pestalozzian model he became a teacher and liked his profession, but some years later joined the army from where he learned the significance of disciplined action.

Kindergarten and Preschool Objectives

“Most  kindergarten and preschools have  different activities but objectives are just common, proper childhood development in every aspect. Lets have a look at various development activities kindergarten teachers and preschool institutes focus on..”

Physical development

A child when he joints the nursery school is still a toddler. He often falls down when he walks or runs; Cannot climb steps without support, as his muscles are not fully developed. The nursery school (Kindergarten or any Preschool institute) should provide suitable indoor activities like tearing, cutting, pasting, drawing, painting, threading beads etc. For final muscular co-ordination and outdoor activities such as climbing, jumping, sliding, swinging, pedaling for the large muscular development of children. Physical fitness is the objective of such activities and programs.

Good Health Habits

In any preschool program, children are taken to toilet and for washing hands at regular intervals. Then children are told about the necessity of brushing teeth, combing hair or taking bath through free conversation, stories and puppetry. These activities help children to develop proper health habits. The children are encouraged to do their own
work and be self-reliant.

Social development

Desirable social attitudes can be developed by encouraging the children to share play materials or food with each other, wait for their turn and take care of the school property. Here the objective is focused on social behavior of every children.

Emotional development

A child has hardly any control over his emotions when he comes to school. He can hardly wait for his turn and is often unable to take ‘NO’ but by proper and careful guidance by the kindergarten and preschool teacher he gains better emotional control by the time he leaves the nursery school.

Aesthetic development

There are many beautiful things around in the environment but unless the children’s attention is drawn to these, they do not notice them. The children should be encouraged to appreciate beauty in the environment, such as pretty flowers colorful butterflies, or a beautiful view. In today global warming situations, It is a duty of preschool teachers to educate children and should be made aware of such things.

Intellectual development

A young child is very curious and he is always asking questions. Much depends on how his questions are answered and his curiosity is satisfied. A child can take in many things if they are properly explained to him. At the same time, the objective should be that the kindergarten child should be encouraged to investigate and draw his own conclusions rather than remain satisfied with ready answers. This will help him to understand the world in which he lives to foster new interests.

Creative development

The creative development of the child depends on the opportunities he gets for self-expression through drawing and paintings, music, drama or puppetry. A kindergarten child is encouraged to express him in the nursery school. He is helped to work on his own and create objects that are of his choice.

Language development

The language development of the child depends, to a great extent, on the opportunities he gets to se language or listen to correct speech. Through storybook reading, free conversation, puppet play, etc. new words are introduced to the children and these new words are used again and again till they became a part of their active vocabulary. The children in the nursery school are encouraged to talk in a group, describe his experiences and join on the spot story-making activity.

Above were some of the very important objectives focused on childhood education program by most of the nursery, kindergarten and preschools around the world. It is important that you have this checklist before your kid is admitted to any institutes.

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